Sure, pressurized water sources are great, but what if you operate with a rural department where hydrants are "few and far between"? Here's some considerations on rural water sources and hydraulics.
What is your closest water supply?:
c. livestock wells
d. private deep-wells
f. "dump tanks" location, location, location.....
***ARE YOU ABLE TO EFFECTIVELY SET UP A DUMP-TANK TO OPERATE ON BACK COUNTRY ROAD?***
g. wet-barrel hydrants
a. Size does matter: What size main?
b. More is better: What is the pressure rating for the hydrant?
c. Stretches: What is the distance of the hydrant in relation to the fire?
a. Tankers/Tenders: Tank Size/Apparatus Age/Response time & turn-around time for water
Do you have portable pumps? If so, what are their fire flow ratings, and can you effectively set up a parallel or series pump operation?
At our Department, which is mostly rural, we are an ISO CLASS 5 Department, with one station covering a district of 10,000 in 165 Sq. miles. Our initial response SOPs for all reported structure fires, or structures with reported smoke issuing, are 1 Chief, 2 engines, 1 tanker, 1 rescue, and a mutual aid reception of at least 2 additional engines and 1 additional tanker from the closest available department.
What changes or additions has your department made in regards to rural firefighting?
FireBureau has an excellent site for info on GPS mapping, analysis, and locating resources for rural departments.
Engineer Nick Miller
Apple Grove, Mason County, WV